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/*
 * Farstream - Farstream RTP Discover Codecs
 *
 * Copyright 2007 Collabora Ltd.
 *  @author: Olivier Crete <olivier.crete@collabora.co.uk>
 *   @author Rob Taylor <rob.taylor@collabora.co.uk>
 *   @author Philippe Kalaf <philippe.kalaf@collabora.co.uk>
 * Copyright 2007 Nokia Corp.
 * Copyright 2005 INdT
 *   @author Andre Moreira Magalhaes <andre.magalhaes@indt.org.br>
 *
 * fs-discover-codecs.c - A Farstream RTP Codec Discovery
 *
 * This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
 * modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
 * License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
 * version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
 *
 * This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
 * Lesser General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
 * License along with this library; if not, write to the Free Software
 * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA  02110-1301 USA
 */



#ifdef HAVE_CONFIG_H
# include "config.h"
#endif

#include "fs-rtp-discover-codecs.h"

#include <string.h>

#include <farstream/fs-conference.h>

#include "fs-rtp-conference.h"
#include "fs-rtp-codec-cache.h"
#include "fs-rtp-special-source.h"



#define GST_CAT_DEFAULT fsrtpconference_disco

/*
 * Local TYPES
 */

typedef struct _CodecCap
{
  GstCaps *caps; /* media caps */
  GstCaps *rtp_caps; /* RTP caps of given media caps */
  /* 2 list approach so we can have a separation after an intersection is
   * calculted */
  GList *element_list1; /* elements for media, enc, dec, pay, depay */
  GList *element_list2; /* elements for media, enc, dec, pay, depay */
} CodecCap;


typedef gboolean (FilterFunc) (GstElementFactory *factory);

/* Static Functions */

static gboolean create_codec_lists (FsMediaType media_type,
  GList *recv_list, GList *send_list);
static GList *remove_dynamic_duplicates (GList *list);
static GList *remove_duplicates (GList *list);
static void parse_codec_cap_list (GList *list, FsMediaType media_type);
static GList *detect_send_codecs (GstCaps *caps);
static GList *detect_recv_codecs (GstCaps *caps);
static GList *codec_cap_list_intersect (GList *list1, GList *list2);
static GList *get_plugins_filtered_from_caps (FilterFunc filter,
  GstCaps *caps, GstPadDirection direction);
static gboolean extract_field_data (GQuark field_id,
                                    const GValue *value,
                                    gpointer user_data);


/* GLOBAL variables */

static GList *list_codec_blueprints[FS_MEDIA_TYPE_LAST+1] = { NULL };
static gint codecs_lists_ref[FS_MEDIA_TYPE_LAST+1] = { 0 };


static void
debug_pipeline (GList *pipeline)
{
  GList *walk;

  GST_DEBUG ("pipeline: ");
  for (walk = pipeline; walk; walk = g_list_next (walk))
  {
    GList *walk2;
    for (walk2 = g_list_first (walk->data); walk2; walk2 = g_list_next (walk2))
      GST_DEBUG ("%p:%d:%s ", walk2->data,
        GST_OBJECT_REFCOUNT_VALUE (GST_OBJECT (walk2->data)),
        gst_plugin_feature_get_name (GST_PLUGIN_FEATURE (walk2->data)));
    GST_DEBUG ("--");
  }
  GST_DEBUG ("\n");
}

static void
debug_codec_cap (CodecCap *codec_cap)
{
  gchar *caps;
  if (codec_cap->caps)
  {
    caps = gst_caps_to_string (codec_cap->caps);
    GST_LOG ("%p:%d:media_caps %s\n", codec_cap->caps,
        GST_CAPS_REFCOUNT_VALUE (codec_cap->caps),
        caps);
    g_free (caps);
  }

  if (codec_cap->rtp_caps)
  {
    caps = gst_caps_to_string (codec_cap->rtp_caps);
    GST_LOG ("%p:%d:rtp_caps %s\n", codec_cap->rtp_caps,
        GST_CAPS_REFCOUNT_VALUE (codec_cap->rtp_caps), caps);
    g_free (caps);
    g_assert (gst_caps_get_size (codec_cap->rtp_caps) == 1);
  }

  GST_LOG ("element_list1 -> ");
  debug_pipeline (codec_cap->element_list1);
  GST_LOG ("element_list2 -> ");
  debug_pipeline (codec_cap->element_list2);
}

static void
debug_codec_cap_list (GList *codec_cap_list)
{
  GList *walk;
  GST_LOG ("size of codec_cap list is %d", g_list_length (codec_cap_list));
  for (walk = codec_cap_list; walk; walk = g_list_next (walk))
  {
    debug_codec_cap ((CodecCap *)walk->data);
  }
}

static void
codec_cap_free (CodecCap *codec_cap)
{
  GList *walk;

  if (codec_cap->caps)
  {
    gst_caps_unref (codec_cap->caps);
  }
  if (codec_cap->rtp_caps)
  {
    gst_caps_unref (codec_cap->rtp_caps);
  }

  for (walk = codec_cap->element_list1; walk; walk = g_list_next (walk))
  {
    if (walk->data)
    {
      g_list_foreach (walk->data, (GFunc) gst_object_unref, NULL);
      g_list_free (walk->data);
    }
  }
  for (walk = codec_cap->element_list2; walk; walk = g_list_next (walk))
  {
    if (walk->data)
    {
      g_list_foreach (walk->data, (GFunc) gst_object_unref, NULL);
      g_list_free (walk->data);
    }
  }

  if (codec_cap->element_list1)
  {
    g_list_free (codec_cap->element_list1);
  }

  if (codec_cap->element_list2)
  {
    g_list_free (codec_cap->element_list2);
  }
  g_slice_free (CodecCap, codec_cap);
}

static void
codec_cap_list_free (GList *list)
{
  GList *mwalk;
  for (mwalk = list; mwalk; mwalk = g_list_next (mwalk))
  {
    codec_cap_free ((CodecCap *)mwalk->data);
  }

  g_list_free (list);
}

/**
 * fs_rtp_blueprints_get
 * @media_type: a #FsMediaType
 *
 * find all plugins that follow the pattern:
 * input (microphone) -> N* -> rtp payloader -> network
 * network  -> rtp depayloader -> N* -> output (soundcard)
 * media_type defines if we want audio or video codecs
 *
 * Returns: a #GList of #CodecBlueprint or NULL on error
 */
GList *
fs_rtp_blueprints_get (FsMediaType media_type, GError **error)
{
  GstCaps *caps;
  GList *recv_list = NULL;
  GList *send_list = NULL;

  if (media_type > FS_MEDIA_TYPE_LAST)
  {
    g_set_error (error, FS_ERROR, FS_ERROR_INVALID_ARGUMENTS,
      "Invalid media type given");
    return NULL;
  }

  codecs_lists_ref[media_type]++;

  /* if already computed just return list */
  if (codecs_lists_ref[media_type] > 1)
  {
    if (!list_codec_blueprints[media_type])
      g_set_error (error, FS_ERROR, FS_ERROR_NO_CODECS,
          "No codecs for media type %s detected",
          fs_media_type_to_string (media_type));
    return list_codec_blueprints[media_type];
  }

  list_codec_blueprints[media_type] = load_codecs_cache (media_type);
  if (list_codec_blueprints[media_type]) {
    GST_DEBUG ("Loaded codec blueprints from cache file");
    return list_codec_blueprints[media_type];
  }

  /* caps used to find the payloaders and depayloaders based on media type */
  if (media_type == FS_MEDIA_TYPE_AUDIO)
  {
    caps = gst_caps_new_simple ("application/x-rtp",
            "media", G_TYPE_STRING, "audio", NULL);
  }
  else if (media_type == FS_MEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO)
  {
    caps = gst_caps_new_simple ("application/x-rtp",
            "media", G_TYPE_STRING, "video", NULL);
  }
  else
  {
    g_set_error (error, FS_ERROR, FS_ERROR_INVALID_ARGUMENTS,
      "Invalid media type given to load_codecs");
    codecs_lists_ref[media_type]--;
    return NULL;
  }

  recv_list = detect_recv_codecs (caps);
  send_list = detect_send_codecs (caps);

  gst_caps_unref (caps);
  /* if we can't send or recv let's just stop here */
  if (!recv_list && !send_list)
  {
    codecs_lists_ref[media_type]--;
    g_set_error (error, FS_ERROR, FS_ERROR_NO_CODECS,
      "No codecs for media type %s detected",
      fs_media_type_to_string (media_type));

    list_codec_blueprints[media_type] = NULL;
    goto out;
  }

  create_codec_lists (media_type, recv_list, send_list);

  /* Save the codecs blueprint cache */
  save_codecs_cache (media_type, list_codec_blueprints[media_type]);

 out:
  if (recv_list)
    codec_cap_list_free (recv_list);
  if (send_list)
    codec_cap_list_free (send_list);

  return list_codec_blueprints[media_type];
}

static gboolean
create_codec_lists (FsMediaType media_type,
    GList *recv_list, GList *send_list)
{
  GList *duplex_list = NULL;
  list_codec_blueprints[media_type] = NULL;

  /* TODO we should support non duplex as well, as in have some caps that are
   * only sendable or only receivable */
  duplex_list = codec_cap_list_intersect (recv_list, send_list);

  if (!duplex_list) {
    GST_WARNING ("There are no send/recv codecs");
    return FALSE;
  }

  GST_LOG ("*******Intersection of send_list and recv_list");
  debug_codec_cap_list (duplex_list);

  duplex_list = remove_dynamic_duplicates (duplex_list);
  duplex_list = remove_duplicates (duplex_list);

  if (!duplex_list) {
    GST_WARNING ("Dynamic duplicate removal left us with nothing");
    return FALSE;
  }

  parse_codec_cap_list (duplex_list, media_type);

  codec_cap_list_free (duplex_list);

  list_codec_blueprints[media_type] =
    fs_rtp_special_sources_add_blueprints (list_codec_blueprints[media_type]);

  return TRUE;
}

static gboolean
struct_field_has_line (GstStructure *s, const gchar *field, const gchar *value)
{
  const gchar *tmp = gst_structure_get_string (s, field);
  const GValue *v = NULL;
  gint i;

  if (tmp)
    return !strcmp (value, tmp);

  if (!gst_structure_has_field_typed (s, field, GST_TYPE_LIST))
    return FALSE;

  v = gst_structure_get_value (s, field);

  for (i=0; i < gst_value_list_get_size (v); i++)
  {
    const GValue *listval = gst_value_list_get_value (v, i);

    if (G_VALUE_HOLDS_STRING(listval) &&
        !strcmp (value, g_value_get_string (listval)))
      return TRUE;
  }

  return FALSE;
}

/*
 * This function returns TRUE if the codec_cap should be accepted,
 * FALSE otherwise
 */

static gboolean
validate_h263_codecs (CodecCap *codec_cap)
{
  /* we assume we have just one structure per caps as it should be */
  GstStructure *media_struct = gst_caps_get_structure (codec_cap->caps, 0);
  const gchar *name = gst_structure_get_name (media_struct);
  GstStructure *rtp_struct;
  const gchar *encoding_name;

  if (!name)
    return FALSE;

  /* let's check if it's h263 */
  if (strcmp (name, "video/x-h263"))
    return TRUE;

  /* If we don't have a h263version field, accept everything */
  if (!gst_structure_has_field (media_struct, "h263version"))
    return TRUE;

  rtp_struct = gst_caps_get_structure (codec_cap->rtp_caps, 0);
  if (!rtp_struct)
    return FALSE;

  /* If there no h263version, we accept everything */
  encoding_name = gst_structure_get_string (rtp_struct, "encoding-name");

  /* If there is no encoding name, we have a problem, lets refuse it */
  if (!encoding_name)
    return FALSE;

  if (struct_field_has_line (media_struct, "h263version", "h263"))
  {
    /* baseline H263 can only be encoding name H263 or H263-1998 */

    if (strcmp (encoding_name, "H263") &&
        strcmp (encoding_name, "H263-1998"))
      return FALSE;
  }
  else if (struct_field_has_line (media_struct, "h263version", "h263p"))
  {
    /* has to be H263-1998 */
    if (strcmp (encoding_name, "H263-1998"))
      return FALSE;
  }
  else if (struct_field_has_line (media_struct, "h263version", "h263pp"))
  {
    /* has to be H263-2000 */
    if (strcmp (encoding_name, "H263-2000"))
      return FALSE;
  }

  /* if no h263version specified, we assume it's all h263 versions */

  return TRUE;
}


static gboolean
validate_amr_codecs (CodecCap *codec_cap)
{
  /* we assume we have just one structure per caps as it should be */
  GstStructure *media_struct = gst_caps_get_structure (codec_cap->caps, 0);
  const gchar *name = gst_structure_get_name (media_struct);
  GstStructure *rtp_struct;
  const gchar *encoding_name;

  rtp_struct = gst_caps_get_structure (codec_cap->rtp_caps, 0);
  encoding_name = gst_structure_get_string (rtp_struct, "encoding-name");


  /* let's check if it's AMRWB */
  if (!strcmp (name, "audio/AMR-WB"))
  {
    if (!strcmp (encoding_name, "AMR-WB"))
      return TRUE;
    else
      return FALSE;
  }
  else if (!strcmp (name, "audio/AMR"))
  {
    if (!strcmp (encoding_name, "AMR"))
      return TRUE;
    else
      return FALSE;
  }

  /* Everything else is invalid */

  return TRUE;
}

/* Removes all dynamic pts that already have a static pt in the list */
static GList *
remove_dynamic_duplicates (GList *list)
{
  GList *walk1, *walk2;
  CodecCap *codec_cap, *cur_codec_cap;
  GstStructure *rtp_struct, *cur_rtp_struct;
  const gchar *encoding_name, *cur_encoding_name;
  GList *remove_us = NULL;

  for (walk1 = list; walk1; walk1 = g_list_next (walk1))
  {
    const GValue *value;
    GType type;

    codec_cap = (CodecCap *)(walk1->data);
    rtp_struct = gst_caps_get_structure (codec_cap->rtp_caps, 0);
    encoding_name = gst_structure_get_string (rtp_struct, "encoding-name");
    if (!encoding_name)
      continue;

    /* let's skip all non static payload types */
    value = gst_structure_get_value (rtp_struct, "payload");
    type = G_VALUE_TYPE (value);
    if (type != G_TYPE_INT)
    {
      continue;
    }
    else
    {
      gint payload_type;
      payload_type = g_value_get_int (value);
      if (payload_type >= 96)
      {
        continue;
      }
    }

    for (walk2 = list; walk2; walk2 = g_list_next (walk2))
    {
      cur_codec_cap = (CodecCap *)(walk2->data);
      cur_rtp_struct = gst_caps_get_structure (cur_codec_cap->rtp_caps, 0);
      cur_encoding_name =
        gst_structure_get_string (cur_rtp_struct, "encoding-name");
      if (!cur_encoding_name)
        continue;
      if (g_ascii_strcasecmp (encoding_name, cur_encoding_name) == 0)
      {
        const GValue *value = gst_structure_get_value (cur_rtp_struct, "payload");
        GType type = G_VALUE_TYPE (value);
        /* this is a dynamic pt that has a static one , let's remove it */
        if (type == GST_TYPE_INT_RANGE)
          remove_us = g_list_prepend (remove_us, cur_codec_cap);
      }
    }
  }

  for (walk1 = remove_us; walk1; walk1 = g_list_next (walk1))
  {
    list = g_list_remove_all (list, walk1->data);
    codec_cap_free (walk1->data);
  }
  g_list_free (remove_us);

  return list;
}

/* Removes duplicate codecs that have the same RTP expression */
static GList *
remove_duplicates (GList *list)
{
  GList *walk1, *walk2;

  for (walk1 = list; walk1; walk1 = g_list_next (walk1))
  {
    CodecCap *codec_cap1 = walk1->data;

  again:
    for (walk2 = walk1->next; walk2; walk2 = g_list_next (walk2))
    {
      CodecCap *codec_cap2 = walk2->data;

      if (gst_caps_is_equal (codec_cap1->rtp_caps, codec_cap2->rtp_caps))
      {
        codec_cap_free (codec_cap2);
        walk1 = g_list_remove_link (walk1, walk2);
        goto again;
      }
    }
  }

  return list;
}

static GList *
copy_element_list (GList *inlist)
{
  GList *outlist = NULL;
  GList *tmp1;

  for (tmp1 = g_list_first (inlist); tmp1; tmp1 = g_list_next (tmp1)) {
    outlist = g_list_append (outlist, g_list_copy (tmp1->data));
    g_list_foreach (tmp1->data, (GFunc) gst_object_ref, NULL);
  }
  return outlist;
}

/* insert given codec_cap list into list_codecs and list_codec_blueprints */
static void
parse_codec_cap_list (GList *list, FsMediaType media_type)
{
  GList *walk;
  CodecCap *codec_cap;
  FsCodec *codec;
  CodecBlueprint *codec_blueprint;
  gint i;
  gchar *tmp;
  GstElementFactory *tmpfact;

  /* go thru all common caps */
  for (walk = list; walk; walk = g_list_next (walk))
  {
    codec_cap = (CodecCap *)(walk->data);

    codec = fs_codec_new (FS_CODEC_ID_ANY, NULL, media_type, 0);

    for (i = 0; i < gst_caps_get_size (codec_cap->rtp_caps); i++)
    {
      GstStructure *structure = gst_caps_get_structure (codec_cap->rtp_caps, i);

      gst_structure_foreach (structure, extract_field_data,
            (gpointer) codec);
    }

    if (!codec->encoding_name)
    {
      GstStructure *caps = gst_caps_get_structure (codec_cap->rtp_caps, 0);
      const gchar *encoding_name = codec->encoding_name ? codec->encoding_name
        : gst_structure_get_string (caps, "encoding-name");

      GST_DEBUG ("skipping codec %s/%s, no encoding name specified"
          " (pt: %d clock_rate:%u",
          media_type == FS_MEDIA_TYPE_AUDIO ? "audio" : "video",
          encoding_name ? encoding_name : "unknown", codec->id,
          codec->clock_rate);

      encoding_name = NULL;
      fs_codec_destroy (codec);
      continue;
    }

    switch (codec->media_type) {
      case FS_MEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO:
        if (!validate_h263_codecs (codec_cap)) {
          fs_codec_destroy (codec);
          continue;
        }
        break;
      case FS_MEDIA_TYPE_AUDIO:
        if (!validate_amr_codecs (codec_cap)) {
          fs_codec_destroy (codec);
          continue;
        }
        break;
      default:
        break;
    }

    codec_blueprint = g_slice_new0 (CodecBlueprint);
    codec_blueprint->codec = codec;
    codec_blueprint->media_caps = gst_caps_copy (codec_cap->caps);
    codec_blueprint->rtp_caps = gst_caps_copy (codec_cap->rtp_caps);

    codec_blueprint->send_pipeline_factory =
      copy_element_list (codec_cap->element_list2);
    codec_blueprint->receive_pipeline_factory =
      copy_element_list (codec_cap->element_list1);

    /* Lets add the converters at the beginning of the encoding pipelines */
    if (media_type == FS_MEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO)
    {
      tmpfact = gst_element_factory_find ("fsvideoanyrate");
      if (tmpfact)
      {
        codec_blueprint->send_pipeline_factory = g_list_append (
            codec_blueprint->send_pipeline_factory,
            g_list_append (NULL, tmpfact));
      }
      tmpfact = gst_element_factory_find ("ffmpegcolorspace");
      if (tmpfact)
      {
        codec_blueprint->send_pipeline_factory = g_list_append (
            codec_blueprint->send_pipeline_factory,
            g_list_append (NULL, tmpfact));
      }
      tmpfact = gst_element_factory_find ("videoscale");
      if (tmpfact)
      {
        codec_blueprint->send_pipeline_factory = g_list_append (
            codec_blueprint->send_pipeline_factory,
            g_list_append (NULL, tmpfact));
      }
    }
    else if (media_type == FS_MEDIA_TYPE_AUDIO)
    {
      tmpfact = gst_element_factory_find ("audioconvert");
      if (tmpfact)
      {
        codec_blueprint->send_pipeline_factory = g_list_append (
            codec_blueprint->send_pipeline_factory,
            g_list_append (NULL, tmpfact));
      }
      tmpfact = gst_element_factory_find ("audioresample");
      if (tmpfact)
      {
        codec_blueprint->send_pipeline_factory = g_list_append (
            codec_blueprint->send_pipeline_factory,
            g_list_append (NULL, tmpfact));
      }
      tmpfact = gst_element_factory_find ("audioconvert");
      if (tmpfact)
      {
        codec_blueprint->send_pipeline_factory = g_list_append (
            codec_blueprint->send_pipeline_factory,
            g_list_append (NULL, tmpfact));
      }

      tmpfact = gst_element_factory_find ("spanplc");
      if (tmpfact)
      {
        GstElementFactory *tmpfact2;

        tmpfact2 = gst_element_factory_find ("audioconvert");
        if (tmpfact2)
        {
          codec_blueprint->receive_pipeline_factory = g_list_append (
            codec_blueprint->receive_pipeline_factory,
            g_list_append (NULL, tmpfact2));
          codec_blueprint->receive_pipeline_factory = g_list_append (
            codec_blueprint->receive_pipeline_factory,
            g_list_append (NULL, tmpfact));
        }
      }
    }

    /* insert new information into tables */
    list_codec_blueprints[media_type] = g_list_append (
        list_codec_blueprints[media_type], codec_blueprint);
    GST_DEBUG ("adding codec %s with pt %d, send_pipeline %p, receive_pipeline %p",
        codec->encoding_name, codec->id,
        codec_blueprint->send_pipeline_factory,
        codec_blueprint->receive_pipeline_factory);
    tmp = gst_caps_to_string (codec_blueprint->media_caps);
    GST_DEBUG ("media_caps: %s", tmp);
    g_free (tmp);
    tmp = gst_caps_to_string (codec_blueprint->rtp_caps);
    GST_DEBUG ("rtp_caps: %s", tmp);
    g_free (tmp);
    debug_pipeline (codec_blueprint->send_pipeline_factory);
    debug_pipeline (codec_blueprint->receive_pipeline_factory);
  }
}


static gboolean
klass_contains (const gchar *klass, const gchar *needle)
{
  gchar *found = strstr (klass, needle);

  if (!found)
    return FALSE;
  if (found != klass && *(found-1) != '/')
    return FALSE;
  if (found[strlen (needle)] != 0 &&
      found[strlen (needle)] != '/')
    return FALSE;
  return TRUE;
}

static gboolean
is_payloader (GstElementFactory *factory)
{
  const gchar *klass = gst_element_factory_get_klass (factory);
  return (klass_contains (klass, "Payloader") &&
          klass_contains (klass, "Network"));
}

static gboolean
is_depayloader (GstElementFactory *factory)
{
  const gchar *klass = gst_element_factory_get_klass (factory);
  return (klass_contains (klass, "Network") &&
          (klass_contains (klass, "Depayloader") ||
           klass_contains (klass, "Depayr")));
}

static gboolean
is_encoder (GstElementFactory *factory)
{
  const gchar *klass = gst_element_factory_get_klass (factory);
  /* we might have some sources that provide a non raw stream */
  return (klass_contains (klass, "Encoder"));
}

static gboolean
is_decoder (GstElementFactory *factory)
{
  const gchar *klass = gst_element_factory_get_klass (factory);
  /* we might have some sinks that provide decoding */
  return (klass_contains (klass, "Decoder"));
}


/* find all encoder/payloader combos and build list for them */
static GList *
detect_send_codecs (GstCaps *caps)
{
  GList *payloaders, *encoders;
  GList *send_list = NULL;

  /* find all payloader caps. All payloaders should be from klass
   * Codec/Payloader/Network and have as output a data of the mimetype
   * application/x-rtp */
  payloaders = get_plugins_filtered_from_caps (is_payloader, caps, GST_PAD_SINK);

  /* no payloader found. giving up */
  if (!payloaders)
  {
    GST_WARNING ("No RTP Payloaders found");
    return NULL;
  }
  else {
    GST_LOG ("**Payloaders");
    debug_codec_cap_list (payloaders);
  }

  /* find all encoders based on is_encoder filter */
  encoders = get_plugins_filtered_from_caps (is_encoder, NULL, GST_PAD_SRC);
  if (!encoders)
  {
    codec_cap_list_free (payloaders);
    GST_WARNING ("No encoders found");
    return NULL;
  }
  else {
    GST_LOG ("**Encoders");
    debug_codec_cap_list (encoders);
  }

  /* create intersection list of codecs common
   * to encoders and payloaders lists */
  send_list = codec_cap_list_intersect (payloaders, encoders);

  if (!send_list)
  {
    GST_WARNING ("No compatible encoder/payloader pairs found");
  }
  else {
    GST_LOG ("**intersection of payloaders and encoders");
    debug_codec_cap_list (send_list);
  }

  codec_cap_list_free (payloaders);
  codec_cap_list_free (encoders);

  return send_list;
}

/* find all decoder/depayloader combos and build list for them */
static GList *
detect_recv_codecs (GstCaps *caps)
{
  GList *depayloaders, *decoders;
  GList *recv_list = NULL;

  /* find all depayloader caps. All depayloaders should be from klass
   * Codec/Depayr/Network and have as input a data of the mimetype
   * application/x-rtp */
  depayloaders = get_plugins_filtered_from_caps (is_depayloader, caps,
      GST_PAD_SRC);

  /* no depayloader found. giving up */
  if (!depayloaders)
  {
    GST_WARNING ("No RTP Depayloaders found");
    return NULL;
  }
  else {
    GST_LOG ("**Depayloaders");
    debug_codec_cap_list (depayloaders);
  }

  /* find all decoders based on is_decoder filter */
  decoders = get_plugins_filtered_from_caps (is_decoder, NULL, GST_PAD_SINK);

  if (!decoders)
  {
    codec_cap_list_free (depayloaders);
    GST_WARNING ("No decoders found");
    return NULL;
  }
  else {
    GST_LOG ("**Decoders");
    debug_codec_cap_list (decoders);
  }

  /* create intersection list of codecs common
   * to decoders and depayloaders lists */
  recv_list = codec_cap_list_intersect (depayloaders, decoders);

  if (!recv_list)
  {
    GST_WARNING ("No compatible decoder/depayloader pairs found");
  }
  else {
    GST_LOG ("**intersection of depayloaders and decoders");
    debug_codec_cap_list (recv_list);
  }

  codec_cap_list_free (depayloaders);
  codec_cap_list_free (decoders);

  return recv_list;
}

/* returns the intersection of two lists */
static GList *
codec_cap_list_intersect (GList *list1, GList *list2)
{
  GList *walk1, *walk2;
  CodecCap *codec_cap1, *codec_cap2;
  GstCaps *caps1, *caps2;
  GstCaps *rtp_caps1, *rtp_caps2;
  GList *intersection_list = NULL;

  for (walk1 = g_list_first (list1); walk1; walk1 = g_list_next (walk1))
  {
    CodecCap *item = NULL;

    codec_cap1 = (CodecCap *)(walk1->data);
    caps1 = codec_cap1->caps;
    rtp_caps1 = codec_cap1->rtp_caps;
    for (walk2 = list2; walk2; walk2 = g_list_next (walk2))
    {
      GstCaps *intersection = NULL;
      GstCaps *rtp_intersection = NULL;

      codec_cap2 = (CodecCap *)(walk2->data);
      caps2 = codec_cap2->caps;
      rtp_caps2 = codec_cap2->rtp_caps;

      //g_debug ("intersecting %s AND %s", gst_caps_to_string (caps1), gst_caps_to_string (caps2));
      intersection = gst_caps_intersect (caps1, caps2);
      if (rtp_caps1 && rtp_caps2)
      {
        //g_debug ("RTP intersecting %s AND %s", gst_caps_to_string (rtp_caps1), gst_caps_to_string (rtp_caps2));
        rtp_intersection = gst_caps_intersect (rtp_caps1, rtp_caps2);
      }
      if (!gst_caps_is_empty (intersection) &&
          (rtp_intersection == NULL || !gst_caps_is_empty (rtp_intersection)))
      {
        if (item) {
          GstCaps *new_caps = gst_caps_union (item->caps, intersection);
          GList *tmplist;

          gst_caps_unref (item->caps);
          item->caps = new_caps;

          for (tmplist = g_list_first (codec_cap2->element_list1->data);
               tmplist;
               tmplist = g_list_next (tmplist)) {
            if (g_list_index (item->element_list2->data, tmplist->data) < 0) {
              item->element_list2->data = g_list_concat (
                  item->element_list2->data,
                  g_list_copy (codec_cap2->element_list1->data));
              g_list_foreach (codec_cap2->element_list1->data,
                (GFunc) gst_object_ref, NULL);
            }
          }
        } else {

          item = g_slice_new0 (CodecCap);
          item->caps = gst_caps_ref (intersection);

          if (rtp_caps1 && rtp_caps2)
          {
            item->rtp_caps = rtp_intersection;
          }
          else if (rtp_caps1)
          {
            item->rtp_caps = rtp_caps1;
            gst_caps_ref (rtp_caps1);
          }
          else if (rtp_caps2)
          {
            item->rtp_caps = rtp_caps2;
            gst_caps_ref (rtp_caps2);
          }

          /* during an intersect, we concat/copy previous lists together and put them
           * into 1 and 2 */


          item->element_list1 = g_list_concat (
              copy_element_list (codec_cap1->element_list1),
              copy_element_list (codec_cap1->element_list2));
          item->element_list2 = g_list_concat (
              copy_element_list (codec_cap2->element_list1),
              copy_element_list (codec_cap2->element_list2));

          intersection_list = g_list_append (intersection_list, item);
          if (rtp_intersection) {
            gst_caps_unref (intersection);
            break;
          }
        }
      } else {
        if (rtp_intersection)
          gst_caps_unref (rtp_intersection);
      }
      gst_caps_unref (intersection);
    }
  }

  return intersection_list;
}


void
codec_blueprint_destroy (CodecBlueprint *codec_blueprint)
{
  GList *walk;

  if (codec_blueprint->codec)
  {
    fs_codec_destroy (codec_blueprint->codec);
  }

  if (codec_blueprint->media_caps)
  {
    gst_caps_unref (codec_blueprint->media_caps);
  }

  if (codec_blueprint->rtp_caps)
  {
    gst_caps_unref (codec_blueprint->rtp_caps);
  }

  for (walk = codec_blueprint->send_pipeline_factory;
      walk; walk = g_list_next (walk))
  {
    if (walk->data)
    {
      g_list_foreach (walk->data, (GFunc) gst_object_unref, NULL);
      g_list_free (walk->data);
    }
  }
  for (walk = codec_blueprint->receive_pipeline_factory;
      walk; walk = g_list_next (walk))
  {
    if (walk->data)
    {
      g_list_foreach (walk->data, (GFunc) gst_object_unref, NULL);
      g_list_free (walk->data);
    }
  }
  g_list_free (codec_blueprint->send_pipeline_factory);
  g_list_free (codec_blueprint->receive_pipeline_factory);


  g_slice_free (CodecBlueprint, codec_blueprint);
}

void
fs_rtp_blueprints_unref (FsMediaType media_type)
{
  codecs_lists_ref[media_type]--;
  if (!codecs_lists_ref[media_type])
  {
    if (list_codec_blueprints[media_type])
    {
      GList *item;
      for (item = list_codec_blueprints[media_type];
           item;
           item = g_list_next (item)) {
        codec_blueprint_destroy (item->data);
      }
      g_list_free (list_codec_blueprints[media_type]);
      list_codec_blueprints[media_type] = NULL;
    }
  }
}


/* check if caps are found on given element */
static gboolean
check_caps_compatibility (GstElementFactory *factory,
                          GstCaps *caps, GstCaps **matched_caps)
{
  const GList *pads;
  GstStaticPadTemplate *padtemplate;
  GstCaps *padtemplate_caps = NULL;

  if (!factory->numpadtemplates)
  {
    return FALSE;
  }

  pads = factory->staticpadtemplates;
  while (pads)
  {
    padtemplate = (GstStaticPadTemplate *) (pads->data);
    pads = g_list_next (pads);

    padtemplate_caps = gst_static_caps_get (&padtemplate->static_caps);
    if (gst_caps_is_any (padtemplate_caps))
    {
      goto next;
    }

    if (caps)
    {
      GstCaps *intersection = gst_caps_intersect (padtemplate_caps, caps);
      gboolean have_intersection = !gst_caps_is_empty (intersection);

      if (have_intersection)
      {
        *matched_caps = intersection;
        gst_caps_unref (padtemplate_caps);
        return TRUE;
      }

      gst_caps_unref (intersection);
    }

next:
    if (padtemplate_caps)
    {
      gst_caps_unref (padtemplate_caps);
    }
  }

  *matched_caps = NULL;
  return FALSE;
}


/* GCompareFunc for list_find_custom */
/* compares caps and returns 0 if they intersect */
static gint
compare_media_caps (gconstpointer a, gconstpointer b)
{
  CodecCap *element = (CodecCap *)a;
  GstCaps *c_caps = (GstCaps *)b;

  return !gst_caps_can_intersect (element->caps, c_caps);
}

static gint
compare_rtp_caps (gconstpointer a, gconstpointer b)
{
  CodecCap *element = (CodecCap *)a;
  GstCaps *c_caps = (GstCaps *)b;

  return !gst_caps_can_intersect (element->rtp_caps, c_caps);
}


/* adds the given element to a list of CodecCap */
/* if element has several caps, several CodecCap elements will be added */
/* if element caps already in list, will make sure Transform elements have
 * priority and replace old ones */
static GList *
create_codec_cap_list (GstElementFactory *factory,
                       GstPadDirection direction,
                       GList *list,
                       GstCaps *rtp_caps)
{
  const GList *pads = gst_element_factory_get_static_pad_templates (factory);
  gint i;


  /* Let us look at each pad for stuff to add*/
  while (pads)
  {
    GstCaps *caps = NULL;
    GstStaticPadTemplate *padtemplate = NULL;

    padtemplate = (GstStaticPadTemplate *) (pads->data);
    pads = g_list_next (pads);

    if (padtemplate->direction != direction)
      continue;

    if (padtemplate->presence != GST_PAD_ALWAYS) {
      continue;
    }

    caps = gst_static_pad_template_get_caps (padtemplate);
    /*
      DEBUG ("%s caps are %s", gst_plugin_feature_get_name (GST_PLUGIN_FEATURE
      (factory)), gst_caps_to_string (caps));
    */

    /* skips caps ANY */
    if (!caps || gst_caps_is_any (caps))
    {
      goto done;
    }

    /* let us add one entry to the list per media type */
    for (i = 0; i < gst_caps_get_size (caps); i++)
    {
      CodecCap *entry = NULL;
      GList *found_item = NULL;
      GstStructure *structure = gst_caps_get_structure (caps, i);
      GstCaps *cur_caps = NULL;

      /* FIXME fix this in gstreamer! The rtpdepay element is bogus, it claims to
       * be a depayloader yet has application/x-rtp on both sides and does
       * absolutely nothing */
      /* Let's check if media caps are really media caps, this is to deal with
       * wierd elements such as rtpdepay that says it's a depayloader but has
       * application/x-rtp on src and sink pads */
      const gchar *name = gst_structure_get_name (structure);
      if (g_ascii_strcasecmp (name, "application/x-rtp") == 0)
      {
        GST_DEBUG ("skipping %s : %s",
            gst_plugin_feature_get_name (GST_PLUGIN_FEATURE (factory)), name);
        continue;
      }

      cur_caps = gst_caps_new_full (gst_structure_copy (structure), NULL);

      /* let's check if this caps is already in the list, if so let's replace
       * that CodecCap list instead of creating a new one */
      /* we need to compare both media caps and rtp caps */
      found_item = g_list_find_custom (list, cur_caps,
          (GCompareFunc)compare_media_caps);
      if (found_item)
      {
        entry = (CodecCap *)found_item->data;
        /* if RTP caps exist and don't match nullify entry */
        if (rtp_caps && compare_rtp_caps (found_item->data, rtp_caps))
        {
          entry = NULL;
        }
      }

      if (!entry)
      {
        entry = g_slice_new0 (CodecCap);

        entry->caps = cur_caps;
        if (rtp_caps)
        {
          entry->rtp_caps = rtp_caps;
          gst_caps_ref (rtp_caps);
        }
        list = g_list_append (list, entry);
        entry->element_list1 = g_list_prepend (NULL,
          g_list_prepend (NULL, factory));
        gst_object_ref (factory);
      }
      else
      {
        GstCaps *newcaps;

        entry->element_list1->data =
          g_list_append (entry->element_list1->data, factory);
        gst_object_ref (factory);

        if (rtp_caps) {
          if (entry->rtp_caps) {
            GstCaps *new_rtp_caps;
            new_rtp_caps = gst_caps_union (rtp_caps, entry->rtp_caps);
            gst_caps_unref (entry->rtp_caps);
            entry->rtp_caps = new_rtp_caps;
          } else {
            entry->rtp_caps = gst_caps_ref (rtp_caps);
            /* This shouldn't happen, its we're looking at rtp elements
             * or we're not */
            g_assert_not_reached ();
          }
        }

        newcaps = gst_caps_union (cur_caps, entry->caps);
        gst_caps_unref (entry->caps);
        gst_caps_unref (cur_caps);
        entry->caps = newcaps;

      }
    }
  done:
    if (caps != NULL) {
      gst_caps_unref (caps);
    }

  }

  return list;
}


/* function used to sort element features */
/* Copy-pasted from decodebin */
static gint
compare_ranks (GstPluginFeature * f1, GstPluginFeature * f2)
{
  gint diff;
  const gchar *rname1, *rname2;

  diff =  gst_plugin_feature_get_rank (f2) - gst_plugin_feature_get_rank (f1);
  if (diff != 0)
    return diff;

  rname1 = gst_plugin_feature_get_name (f1);
  rname2 = gst_plugin_feature_get_name (f2);

  diff = strcmp (rname2, rname1);

  return diff;
}


/* creates/returns a list of CodecCap based on given filter function and caps */
static GList *
get_plugins_filtered_from_caps (FilterFunc filter,
                                GstCaps *caps,
                                GstPadDirection direction)
{
  GList *walk, *result;
  GList *list = NULL;
  GstCaps *matched_caps = NULL;

  result = gst_registry_get_feature_list (gst_registry_get_default (),
          GST_TYPE_ELEMENT_FACTORY);

  result = g_list_sort (result, (GCompareFunc) compare_ranks);

  for (walk = result; walk; walk = walk->next)
  {
    GstElementFactory *factory = GST_ELEMENT_FACTORY (walk->data);

    /* Ignore unranked plugins */
    if (gst_plugin_feature_get_rank (factory) == GST_RANK_NONE)
      continue;

    if (!filter (factory))
      continue;

    if (caps && !check_caps_compatibility (factory, caps, &matched_caps))
      continue;

    if (!matched_caps)
    {
      list = create_codec_cap_list (factory, direction, list, NULL);
    }
    else
    {
      gint i;
      for (i = 0; i < gst_caps_get_size (matched_caps); i++)
      {
        GstCaps *cur_caps =
            gst_caps_copy_nth (matched_caps, i);

        list = create_codec_cap_list (factory, direction, list, cur_caps);
        gst_caps_unref (cur_caps);
      }
      gst_caps_unref (matched_caps);
    }
  }

  gst_plugin_feature_list_free (result);

  return list;
}

/*
 *  fill FarstreamCodec fields based on payloader capabilities
 *  TODO: optimise using quarks
 */
static gboolean
extract_field_data (GQuark field_id,
                    const GValue *value,
                    gpointer user_data)
{
  /* TODO : This can be called several times from different rtp caps for the
   * same codec, it would be good to make sure any duplicate values are the
   * same, if not then we have several rtp elements that are giving different
   * caps information, therefore they need to be fixed */

  FsCodec *codec = (FsCodec *) user_data;
  GType type = G_VALUE_TYPE (value);
  const gchar *field_name = g_quark_to_string (field_id);
  const gchar *tmp;

  if (0 == strcmp (field_name, "media"))
  {
    if (type != G_TYPE_STRING)
    {
      return FALSE;
    }
    tmp = g_value_get_string (value);
    if (strcmp (tmp, "audio") == 0)
    {
      codec->media_type = FS_MEDIA_TYPE_AUDIO;
    }
    else if (strcmp (tmp, "video") == 0)
    {
      codec->media_type = FS_MEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO;
    }

  }
  else if (0 == strcmp (field_name, "payload"))
  {
    if (type == GST_TYPE_INT_RANGE)
    {
      if (gst_value_get_int_range_min (value) < 96 ||
          gst_value_get_int_range_max (value) > 255)
      {
        return FALSE;
      }
    }
    else if (type == G_TYPE_INT)
    {
      int id;
      id = g_value_get_int (value);
      if (id > 96)
      {
        /* Dynamic id that was explicitelly set ?? shouldn't happen */
        return FALSE;
      }
      codec->id = id;
    }
    else
    {
      return FALSE;
    }
  }
  else if (0 == strcmp (field_name, "clock-rate"))
  {
    if (type == GST_TYPE_INT_RANGE)
    {
      /* set to 0, this should be checked by the optional parameters code later
       * in Farstream */
      codec->clock_rate = 0;
      return TRUE;
    }
    else if (type != G_TYPE_INT)
    {
      return FALSE;
    }
    codec->clock_rate = g_value_get_int (value);
  }
  else if (0 == strcmp (field_name, "ssrc") ||
      0 == strcmp (field_name, "clock-base") ||
      0 == strcmp (field_name, "seqnum-base"))
  {
    // ignore these fields for now
    ;
  }
  else if (0 == strcmp (field_name, "encoding-name"))
  {
    if (type != G_TYPE_STRING)
    {
      return FALSE;
    }
    if (!codec->encoding_name)
    {
      codec->encoding_name = g_value_dup_string (value);
    }
  }
  else if (0 == strcmp (field_name, "encoding-params"))
  {
    if (type != G_TYPE_STRING)
    {
      return FALSE;
    }
    codec->channels = (guint) g_ascii_strtoull (
                                       g_value_get_string (value), NULL, 10);
  }
  else
  {
    if (type == G_TYPE_STRING)
      fs_codec_add_optional_parameter (codec, field_name,
          g_value_get_string (value));
  }

  return TRUE;
}


gboolean
codec_blueprint_has_factory (CodecBlueprint *blueprint,
    gboolean is_send)
{
  if (is_send)
    return (blueprint->send_pipeline_factory != NULL);
  else
    return (blueprint->receive_pipeline_factory != NULL);
}


static gboolean
_g_object_has_property (GObject *object, const gchar *property)
{
 GObjectClass *klass;

  klass = G_OBJECT_GET_CLASS (object);
  return NULL != g_object_class_find_property (klass, property);
}


static gboolean
_create_ghost_pad (GstElement *current_element, const gchar *padname, GstElement
  *codec_bin, GError **error)
{
  GstPad *ghostpad;
  GstPad *pad = gst_element_get_static_pad (current_element, padname);
  gboolean ret = FALSE;

  if (!pad)
  {
    g_set_error (error, FS_ERROR, FS_ERROR_CONSTRUCTION,
      "Could not find the %s pad on the element", padname);
      return FALSE;
  }

  ghostpad = gst_ghost_pad_new (padname, pad);
  if (!ghostpad)
  {
    g_set_error (error, FS_ERROR, FS_ERROR_CONSTRUCTION,
      "Could not create a ghost pad for pad %s", padname);
    goto done;
  }

  if (!gst_pad_set_active (ghostpad, TRUE))
  {
    g_set_error (error, FS_ERROR, FS_ERROR_CONSTRUCTION,
      "Could not active ghostpad %s", padname);
    gst_object_unref (ghostpad);
    goto done;
  }

  if (!gst_element_add_pad (codec_bin, ghostpad))
    g_set_error (error, FS_ERROR, FS_ERROR_CONSTRUCTION,
      "Could not add ghostpad %s to the codec bin", padname);

  ret = TRUE;
 done:
  gst_object_unref (pad);

  return ret;
}


/*
 * Builds a codec bin in the specified direction for the specified codec
 * using the specified blueprint
 */

GstElement *
create_codec_bin_from_blueprint (const FsCodec *codec,
    CodecBlueprint *blueprint, const gchar *name, gboolean is_send,
    GError **error)
{
  GstElement *codec_bin = NULL;
  gchar *direction_str = (is_send == TRUE) ? "send" : "receive";
  GList *walk = NULL;
  GstElement *current_element = NULL;
  GstElement *previous_element = NULL;
  GList *pipeline_factory = NULL;

  if (is_send)
    pipeline_factory = blueprint->send_pipeline_factory;
  else
    pipeline_factory = blueprint->receive_pipeline_factory;

  if (!pipeline_factory)
  {
    g_set_error (error, FS_ERROR, FS_ERROR_UNKNOWN_CODEC,
        "The %s codec %s does not have a pipeline,"
        " its probably a special codec",
        fs_media_type_to_string (codec->media_type),
        codec->encoding_name);
    return NULL;
  }

  GST_DEBUG ("creating %s codec bin for id %d, pipeline_factory %p",
    direction_str, codec->id, pipeline_factory);
  codec_bin = gst_bin_new (name);

  for (walk = g_list_first (pipeline_factory); walk; walk = g_list_next (walk))
  {
    if (g_list_next (g_list_first (walk->data)))
    {
      /* We have to check some kind of configuration to see if we have a
         favorite */
      current_element = gst_element_factory_make ("autoconvert", NULL);

      if (!current_element)
      {
        g_set_error (error, FS_ERROR, FS_ERROR_CONSTRUCTION,
          "Could not create autoconvert element");
        goto error;
      }

      g_object_set (current_element, "factories", walk->data, NULL);
    } else {
      current_element =
        gst_element_factory_create (
            GST_ELEMENT_FACTORY (g_list_first (walk->data)->data), NULL);
      if (!current_element)
      {
        g_set_error (error, FS_ERROR, FS_ERROR_CONSTRUCTION,
          "Could not create element for pt %d", codec->id);
        goto error;
      }
    }

    if (!gst_bin_add (GST_BIN (codec_bin), current_element))
    {
      g_set_error (error, FS_ERROR, FS_ERROR_CONSTRUCTION,
        "Could not add new element to %s codec_bin for pt %d",
        direction_str, codec->id);
      goto error;
    }

    if (_g_object_has_property (G_OBJECT (current_element), "pt"))
      g_object_set (current_element, "pt", codec->id,
        NULL);

    /* Lets create the ghost pads on the codec bin */

    if (g_list_previous (walk) == NULL)
      /* if its the first element of the codec bin */
      if (!_create_ghost_pad (current_element,
              is_send ? "src" : "sink", codec_bin, error))
        goto error;

    if (g_list_next (walk) == NULL)
      /* if its the last element of the codec bin */
      if (!_create_ghost_pad (current_element,
              is_send ? "sink" : "src" , codec_bin, error))
        goto error;


    /* let's link them together using the specified media_caps if any
     * this will ensure that multi-codec encoders/decoders will select the
     * appropriate codec based on caps negotiation */
    if (previous_element)
    {
      GstPad *sinkpad;
      GstPad *srcpad;
      GstPadLinkReturn ret;

      if (is_send)
        sinkpad = gst_element_get_static_pad (previous_element, "sink");
      else
        sinkpad = gst_element_get_static_pad (current_element, "sink");

      if (!sinkpad)
      {
        g_set_error (error, FS_ERROR, FS_ERROR_CONSTRUCTION,
          "Could not get the sink pad one of the elements in the %s codec bin"
          " for pt %d", direction_str, codec->id);
        goto error;
      }


      if (is_send)
        srcpad = gst_element_get_static_pad (current_element, "src");
      else
        srcpad = gst_element_get_static_pad (previous_element, "src");

      if (!srcpad)
      {
        g_set_error (error, FS_ERROR, FS_ERROR_CONSTRUCTION,
          "Could not get the src pad one of the elements in the %s codec bin"
          " for pt %d", direction_str, codec->id);
        gst_object_unref (sinkpad);
        goto error;
      }

      ret = gst_pad_link (srcpad, sinkpad);

      gst_object_unref (srcpad);
      gst_object_unref (sinkpad);

      if (GST_PAD_LINK_FAILED (ret))
      {
        g_set_error (error, FS_ERROR, FS_ERROR_CONSTRUCTION,
          "Could not link element inside the %s codec bin for pt %d",
          direction_str, codec->id);
        goto error;
      }
    }

    previous_element = current_element;
  }

  return codec_bin;

 error:
  gst_object_unref (codec_bin);
  return NULL;
}